Admiral John Benbow born c.1653, in England (either in Rotherhithe, a London village, or in Shropshire); died 4 November 1702, Port Royal, Jamaica. There is debate as to his exact origins and parentage. He served in the navy and merchant marine before becoming captain of a naval vessel in 1689. As master of the fleet under Admiral Edward Russell, he helped destroy the French fleet in the Battle of La Hougue, in May 1692, and in November 1693 he bombarded the French port of Saint-Malo. After serving as commander of the English fleet in the West Indies from 1698 to 1700, he returned there as vice admiral in 1701. On 19 August 1702, his seven ships sighted nine French vessels off Santa Marta (now in Colombia). He gave chase for five days, but the captains of four of his vessels lagged behind, refusing to engage the enemy. On 24 August, the Admiral's right leg was shattered by French fire. He remained on deck until his captains compelled him to return to Jamaica. There had two of the captains court-martialled for insubordination and shot. Admiral Benbow died of his wounds.